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 AMX Ghibli

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PostSubject: AMX Ghibli   Sun Jan 17, 2010 6:45 pm

AMX GHIBLI












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DETAILS :


Role : Attack aircraft
Manufacturer : AMX International
First flight : 15 May 1984
Introduced : 1989
Status : Active service
Primary users : Italian Air Force ; Brazilian Air Force
Produced : 1986-1999
Number built : ~200



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SPECIFICATIONS :


General Characteristics :

Crew : 1
Length : 13.23 m (43 ft 5 in)
Wingspan : 8.87 m (29 ft 1 in)
Height : 4.55 m (14 ft 11 in)
Wing area : 21 m² (226 ft²)
Empty weight : 6,730 kg (14,840 lb)
Loaded weight : 10,750 kg (23,700 lb)
Max takeoff weight : 13,000 kg (28,700 lb)
Powerplant : 1× Rolls-Royce Spey 807 turbofan, 49 kN (11,000 lbf)



Performance :

Maximum speed : 1,160 km/h (626 knots, 721 mph)
Cruise speed : 950 km/h (510 knots, 590 mph)
Range : 3,330 km (1,800 nm, 2,070 mi)
Service ceiling : 13,000 m (43,000 ft)
Rate of climb : 52 m/s (10,000 ft/min)
Wing loading : 512 kg/m² (105 lb/ft²)
Thrust/weight : 0.47


Armament :

Guns :
1× 20 mm (0.787 in) M61 Vulcan rotary cannon (Italian aircraft) or
2× 30 mm (1.18 in) DEFA 544 cannon (Brazilian aircraft)
Missiles : 2× AIM-9 Sidewinders or MAA-1 Piranha carried on wingtip rails
Bombs : 3,800 kg (8,380 lb) on 5 external hardpoints, including general-purpose and laser-guided bombs, air-to-ground missiles, and rockets



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BACKGROUND


The AMX International AMX "Ghibli" is a ground-attack aircraft for battlefield interdiction, close air support and reconnaissance missions. It is built by the AMX International Italian-Brazilian joint venture, and is designated the A-1 in the Brazilian Air Force.

The AMX is capable of operating at high subsonic speed and low altitude, by day or night, and if necessary, from bases with poorly equipped or damaged runways. Low IR signature and reduced radar equivalent cross-section help prevent detection, while low vulnerability of structure and systems aid survivability. Integrated ECM, air-to-air missiles and nose-mounted guns provide self-defence capabilities.



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DESIGN


In 1977, the Italian Air Force issued a requirement for a strike fighter to replace its Aeritalia G.91 and some of its F-104 Starfighters. Rather than competing for the contract, Aeritalia (now Alenia Aeronautica) and Aermacchi agreed to make a joint proposal, as both firms had been considering the development of a similar class of aircraft for some years. Development work began in April 1978.

In March 1981, the Italian and Brazilian governments agreed on joint requirements for the aircraft, and Embraer was invited to join the partnership in July.

The first prototype flew on May 15, 1984. Although it was lost on its fifth flight (killing its pilot), the test programme progressed reasonably smoothly otherwise. Production started by mid-1986, with the first examples delivered to the Italian and Brazilian air forces in 1989. Since then, some 200 AMXs have been built.

Italian AMX squadrons flew 252 combat sorties over Kosovo as part of Operation Allied Force, without a single loss.



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VARIANTS


AMX-T ::

In 1986, development of a two-seat advanced trainer variant was undertaken. This was intended to provide trainee pilots with experience on fast jets, while still retaining the single-seater's attack capabilities. The AMX-T first flew in 1990 and equips both the Italian and Brazilian air forces.


AMX-ATA ::

The AMX Advanced Trainer Attack (AMX-ATA) is a new AMX two-seater, multi-mission attack fighter developed for combat roles and advanced training. The AMX-ATA incorporates new sensors, a forward-looking infrared, helmet-mounted display, a new multi-mode radar for air-to-air and air-to-surface capability, and new weapons systems including anti-ship missiles and medium-range missiles. The Venezuelan Air Force ordered eight AMX-ATA in 1999 for the advanced trainer and attack aircraft role.



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